The dictionary’s definition of a disability is a cognitive, mental, physical, or developmental condition that will interfere, limit, or impair someone’s ability to engage or perform in certain actions or tasks. This also implies to the participation of typical daily interactions and activities. For example, someone who has a problem reading could have a dyslexia disability.
According to the Equality Act 2010 in the UK, the definition of a disability under this act is someone who has a mental or physical impairment that will produce a long-term, negative affect on their ability to perform normal daily activities. The long-term signifies something that is more than trivial or minor. For example, it could mean taking a longer time to getting dressed than it normally would.
There can be different types of disabilities, according to a lawyer, such as a medical disability, a mental disability, or a social disability. The various types of medical disabilities include things such as diabetes, cancers, AIDS, epilepsy, cystic fibrosis, and so forth. Medical disabilities can affect both motor and cognitive functions. Functional limitations and abilities will vary widely with a medical disability but they are often associated with fatigue.
Mental disabilities or disorders may occur as a result of your family history or genetic makeup. These type of disabilities can also occur because of life experiences such as a history of abuse or stress. There may also be biological factors that could cause a mental disability. For example, a mother may be exposed to a toxic chemical or virus while pregnant which could affect the child’s mental stability. Abusing the use of illegal drugs or alcohol could also be responsible for a mental disability.
Social and learning disabilities, another type of disability, are becoming more and more apparent in today’s society. These type of disabilities are rarely confined to work or school. Social and learning disabilities affect relationships with family, friends, workmates, and daily encounters with strangers. They often erode self-confidence and self-esteem so as to make dealing with any normal daily situation a challenge.
Social and learning disabilities are often misinterpreted and may be perceived as a social ineptness or immaturity. Some common social disability and learning characteristics include a need for immediate gratification, an inability to interpret social and environmental cues, a bossy or immature behavior, a low frustration tolerance, or an inability to set realistic goals and priorities.
Therefore, as you can see from the above information it is important to understand that there are a variety of disabilities. However more importantly, it is essential that we all support anyone who has a mental, social, or medical disability.